Tuesday, May 19, 2015

When it comes to early retirement, there’s a new game in town

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I can’t believe it was almost two years ago, but back in August 2013 I blogged about my ‘game plan’ for early retirement: “How I plan to win at the game of Yloponom”.

I was just reading it again, and I’m surprised at how I thought I had things all figured out. Little did I know of what was to come.


1. I said I’d have to stay at my current job until age 55 (to avoid a 10% penalty on early 401K withdrawals).


Well, that sure didn’t happen! I assumed I’d be working in 2016, never dreaming I’d leave my company almost 2 years earlier than planned. But I also learned something in the interim, regarding that “55 Rule”; the Federal gov’t may not impose a 10% penalty on 401K withdrawals if you work to age 55, but that’s no guarantee your company will go along with your plan.  I was counting on small withdrawals, once a year.   My company couldn’t guarantee that, but they could offer (penalty-free, at age 55) a lump-sum payout. The tax bill would’ve been enormous.

2. Those annual withdrawals were only to meet the minimum income requirements for Obamacare—I didn’t need to withdraw much, right?  Wrong

Since that earlier blog, Pennsylvania expanded their Medicaid program. What this means is, for someone like me who wants to buy health insurance, I now have to report a higher income ($5000 more than I anticipated) to qualify for those lower healthcare premiums.

hc2Minimum income requirements for 2015 to get a subsidy (for states with & without expanded Medicaid). I’ll need to report a higher MAGI (Modified Adjusted Gross Income) of at least $16,243.00 on my 2015 taxes now

To play it safe, I gave Obamacare an income estimate of around $18,000 for 2015.

So in return, my insurance premium was reduced from over $300 a month to approximately $66.00.  But come tax-time, I’d better show at least $16,243 in income or there’ll be hell to pay!  (Hell as in repayment of those subsidies.)  Of course, that “minimum income needed” is bound to go up every year too.

3. So since I left before age 55, if I take money from my 401K I’m going to have to pay that 10% penalty, right?  Not if I can help it
 

Here’s the thing:  I DON’T NEED MY 401K TO LIVE ON (just yet).  I only want to withdraw the least amount necessary (and pay taxes on it) to generate income.  Here’s what I have to do before the end of the year:
  1. Open a Traditional IRA. (Done)
  2. Rollover my company’s 401K to that IRA. (Done)
  3. Open a Roth IRA.  (Done)
  4. Move at least $13,000 from my Traditional IRA to the Roth; I still can’t spend it until I’m 59.5, but doing this lets me pay taxes on that 13K now—and report it on my 2015 income tax.
  5. Wait, don’t I need to report at least $16.243? Yes but my personal investments will earn about 3-4 thousand in dividends for 2015. Dividends are taxed differently than regular income, but they still COUNT as income.

4. That takes care of having affordable health insurance (hopefully until Medicare); but what do I live on?

That’s where my personal investments come in.  At the start of the New Year, I’m going to look at the balances of my investments, both personal and retirement, and withdraw 4-5% of that combined total from my personal portfolio to live on. 

And frankly, that’s the part that worries me here more than anything.  I know how much I need to live on.  I’ll want that, and hopefully a few thousand more to blow at the racetrack (heh, just kidding).  But if we were to have another stock market crash like in 2008, or even a large downturn anytime soon… things could get dicey.  

The only thing I know for sure at this point is—I don’t want to go back to work anytime soon, and I aim to keep it that way.

4 comments:

  1. Doug, if the market does nosedive you can always break out the thong and baby oil and hit the stage again

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    1. Haha! I'd better cut back on some on the pizza & ice cream then--thanks Andrew :)

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  2. u cannot contribtue that much to a Roth. Theres income limits $6500 is max for your age bracket. I hear walmarts hiring :-)

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    Replies
    1. I'm not contributing to a Roth--I am converting from a Traditional IRA. (There's a big difference.) You can convert as much as you want, whenever you want. You just have to be able to cough up the income taxes on the converted amount that year.

      As for Wal-Mart... I haven't ruled that out entirely! ;) Thanks for posting..

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